What Happens to the Body If Testosterone Levels are Low?

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low testosterone diagnosis

Did you know that the human body produces several different hormones that play important roles in various bodily functions? Without them, digestion, blood circulation, growth, reproduction, memory, and other bodily processes would not be possible.

In men, one of these essential hormones is known as testosterone. Primarily produced in the testicles, testosterone is a type of anabolic steroid hormone that facilitates the development of the male reproductive tissues and the secondary male sexual characteristics. Because of how integral it is in the growth and development of men from the fetal stage to old age, it is regarded as the primary male sex hormone.

Functions of Testosterone

Testosterone helps in making many bodily functions and processes in men happen. Below are some good examples:

    1. Libido

Testosterone is necessary for keeping a man’s libido or sex drive up. If testosterone production is not enough, there is a risk of a decrease in libido, which can progress to sexual dysfunction if not remedied at the earliest opportunity.

    1. Bone growth and development

Testosterone is instrumental in the formation of bones that are strong and healthy. Men who have low testosterone levels tend to develop weak bones with low bone density and are more prone to sprains, fractures, osteoporosis, and other bone disorders.

    1. Muscle mass

Testosterone takes on a big role in the growth and development of muscles. It ensures that they are strong and healthy, and have a low risk of various muscular diseases and disorders.

    1. Production of sperm

Testosterone is key to producing sufficient sperm that has good structure and motility. If there is a lack of testosterone, the risk of low sperm count, erectile dysfunction, and infertility increases.

    1. body fat and weight lossDistribution of body fat

Testosterone aids in the proper distribution of fat in the body, reducing the risk of high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, and other health problems.

    1. Production of red blood cells

Testosterone helps in the body’s ability to produce new red blood cells, improving blood circulation and flow, strengthening cardiovascular functions, and protecting against heart disease.

    1. Increase in height

Testosterone is essential in a young boy’s growth as he enters puberty. Without testosterone, he may not grow as much as his peers and appear shorter than the other boys his age.

    1. Growth and development of the male genitalia

Testosterone promotes an increase in the size of the penis and testicles from the fetal stage through puberty and adulthood. If testosterone levels are low, the male genitals may be underdeveloped.

    1. Body hair

Testosterone brings about the growth of facial hair, pubic hair, chest hair, and other body hair once a boy starts puberty. In case there is not enough testosterone produced in the body, he may not be able to grow body hair like his peers.

Understanding testosterone levels

Making sure that your testosterone levels are at normal levels is vital to optimal health. There are many negative side effects that may arise if your testosterone levels are lower or greater than the normal values.

If you have low testosterone, the following are examples of negative side effects that you may encounter:

    • Decrease in libido

You may lose your desire for sex, be unable to perform in the bedroom, and have a disappointing sex life.

    • Bone loss

You may become more prone to sprains, fractures, bone injuries, and bone disorders.

    • Muscle loss

You may have an increased risk of muscular disorders.

    • Fatigue

You may suffer from low energy levels and feel exhausted all the time.

    • Decrease in body hair

You may notice that your facial hair, pubic hair, and other body hair are growing at a much slower rate or not growing at all.

    • Sleep disorders

You may manifest symptoms of insomnia, sleep apnea, and other sleep disorders, preventing you from getting enough sleep and feeling well rested after each day.

    • Stress

You may have a hard time managing your stress levels, and become more easily irritated, annoyed, upset, and others.

    • Poor mental health

You may show symptoms of depression, anxiety, or some other mental health disorder.

    • Impaired brain function

You may have trouble focusing on tasks, remembering information, and problem-solving.

If you have high testosterone levels, the following are examples of negative side effects that may occur:

    • High blood pressure

You may experience a rise in your blood pressure levels and suffer from hypertension, which may lead to serious heart complications if not addressed right away.

    • High red blood cell count

You may have a higher than normal red blood cell count, as more testosterone in the body means more red blood cells are produced.

    • Infertility

You may not be able to produce enough sperm and good quality sperm, which can progress to infertility.

To protect yourself against these negative side effects of abnormal testosterone levels, you should make sure to maintain your testosterone levels between 270 nanograms per deciliter and 1,070 nanograms per deciliter. If you start to manifest any of the side effects above, you should go see your doctor right away.

Treating testosterone imbalance in men

If your testosterone levels test results show that your testosterone levels are indeed outside the normal range, you should talk to your doctor about the best way to fix the problem.

Usually, men with low testosterone levels are prescribed testosterone therapy, which is administered in several ways, such as:

Intramuscular testosterone injection

doping, injecting armThis is typically administered once every 10 to 14 days to help boost testosterone in the body.

Testosterone gel

This is applied to the skin directly daily to allow testosterone to be absorbed into the body.

Testosterone skin patches

This is also administered daily by applying the patch onto the neck, shoulder, arm, or buttocks to introduce more testosterone into the body.

Testosterone pellets

These are inserted under one’s skin, usually the skin of the buttocks, to facilitate testosterone absorption into the body.

And, in cases of high testosterone, doctors usually advise patients to stop their intake of any testosterone supplements or boosters to get their testosterone levels back down to normal.

Also, to help achieve and maintain normal testosterone levels, living a healthy lifestyle by eating healthy, exercising regularly, and quitting bad habits is strongly recommended.